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THE HISTORY OF THE CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK: 1969-1999
introduction | 1969 Open Admission Strike | 1970 struggles | 1980 | 1990 Here we go again, and again!!! | NEWSPAPER ARTICLES | Bibliography

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NEWSPAPER ARTICLES

[1]The best of these are Right versus Privilege, The Open-Admissions Experiment at the City University of New York (The Free Press, 1981, New York) by David Lavin, Richard D. Alba, and Richard Silberstein and  Changing the Odds, Open Admissions and the Life Chances of the Disadvantaged (Yale University Press, 1996, New Haven CT) by David Lavin and David Hyllegard; Also useful are Open Admissions at City University of New York: An Analysis of the First Year (Prentice-Hall, 1975, Englewood Cliffs NJ) by Jack Rossman, Helen Astin, Alexander Astin and Elaine El-Khawas and, The Privileged Many: A Study of the City Universitys Open Admissions Policy, 1970-1975 (New York, 1975) by the Womens City Club of New York. James Traubs City on a Hill, Testing the American Dream at City College (Addison-Wesley, 1994, New York) received considerable attention when it was published because it provided ammunition for opponents of Open Admissions. It doesnt so much attempt to refute the rigorous scholarship of Lavin et. al. as much as it provides a wealth of anecdotal support for popular prejudices.

 

[1] Womens City Club of New York, The Privileged Many: A Study of the City Universitys Open Admissions Policy, 1970-1975 (New York, 1975) p. 14

[1] NYC Board of Higher Education, A Long Range Plan for the City University of new York 1961-1975 (New York, 1962) pp. 33-36

[1] Rossman, Astin, Astin and El-Khawas, Open Admissions at City University of New York: An Analysis of the First Year (Prentice-Hall, 1975, Englewood Cliffs NJ) p. 9

[1] Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America (Harper & Row, 1973, New York) p. 120

[1] Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein Right versus Privilege, The Open-Admissions Experiment at the City University of New York (The Free Press, 1981, New York) pp. 2-4

[1] Womens City Club, p. 14

[1] Sale Kirkpatrick SDS (Random House, 1973, New York) p. 29

[1] Sale, p. 119, 122, 161

[1] Sale, p. 193

[1] Sale, p. 246

[1] Sale, p. 256

[1] Dean Suspends 34 for Role at Sit-In The Campus, p. 1 Thurs, December 15, 1966

[1] 46 Students Suspended for 2 to 5 Weeks The Campus, Tues. January 23, 1968 p. 1

[1] Teacher Quits Over Dow Discipline The Observation Post, January 4, 1968 p. 1

[1] Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 123

[1] Draft Foes Here Yield Cards in Brooklyn Church Protest The Campus, Tues., December 5, 1967 p. 1

[1] Black and Puerto Rican Studies Raises Students Consciousness Hunter Envoy, October 5, 1973 p. 1

[1] Elbaum, Max Revolution in the Air, Sixties Radicals Turn to Lenin, Mao and Che (Verso, 2002, New York)

[1] Suspend Five Commune Students Observation Post, Fri., Feb 7, 1969 p. 1

[1] 13 Sentenced in Sanctuary Trials Observation Post, March 7, 1969 p. 5

[1] Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 25n

[1] Five Students Face Year Sentence For Invading Office of Dean Peace The Campus, January 27, 1970

[1] Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 120

[1] Ballardp, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 121

[1] Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White Americap. 122

[1] Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 123

[1] Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 123

[1] Ballard p. 124

[1] End Racism at CCNY W.E.B. Du Bois Club of City College, ad in The Campus, Thurs., November 14, 1968 p. 8

[1] Cuts in State Budget Threaten Cutback Of SEEK Program and Fall Admissions The Campus, Thurs., February 6, 1969 p. 1

[1] Dyer, Conrad M. Protest and the Politics of Admission: The Impact of the Black and Puerto Rican Student Community (of City College). Ph.D. dissertation (CUNY, 1990). The Dyer dissertation contains an in depth analysis of the social dynamics within the Black and Puerto Rican student bodies as well as the most complete account of the Open Admissions strike.

[1] Third World Studies Head Warns Against Funds Cut The Campus, Wed., March 12, 1969, p. 1 and Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 124

[1] Lavin, Alba and Silberstein (1981) p. 10

[1] Brown, Dellinger Speak at SNCC Great Hall Forum The Campus, Wed., March 12, 1969 p. 1

[1] The Budget Cuts: Students Working as Charges Fly The Campus, March 12, 1969 p. 1

[1] Text of Gallaghers Letter to BHE  The Campus, Tues, April 2, 1969 p. 5

[1] 11 Days in April and May The Campus, Tues., May 6, 1969 p. 2

[1] CCNY President Orders That the Closing be Continued New York Times April 25, 1969 p. 2

[1] 11 Days in April and May The Campus, Tues., May 6, 1969 p. 2

[1] 25-Student Sit-In Begun at Bayside New York Times April 22 and CCNY President Orders That the Closing be Continued  New York Times April 25, 1969 p. 2

[1] Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 12

[1] 11 Days in April and May The Campus, Tues., May 6, 1969 p. 2

[1] CCNY Rebels Reject plea to End Holdout New York Post, May 5, 1969 p. 3

[1] 11 Days in April and May The Campus, Tues, May 6, 1969 p. 2

[1] Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 12

[1] Ballard p. 124

[1] CCNY Building Damaged By Fire; New Fights Erupt New York Times, May 9, 1969

[1] Ballard, Allen B., Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 126

[1] Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 13

[1] Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 124-5

[1] Ballard, p. 125-126

[1] Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 18

[1] Poll: Students Oppose Open Admissions The Campus, Wed. Nov. 19, 1969

[1] interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002

[1] interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002

[1] Churchill, Ward and Vander Wall, Jim Agents of Repression, the FBIs Secret Wars Against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement (South End Press, 1990, Boston). This book documents in disturbing detail the systematic disruption of two major radical organizations in the late 1960s and early 70s.

[1] interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002

[1] Police Seize Five Students After Flag-Raising Incident The Campus, Wed. Nov 19, 1969 p. 1

[1] unpublished internal history of PR studies at Brooklyn College p. 4

[1] Traub, James, City on a Hill, Testing the American Dream at City College (Addison-Wesley, 1994, New York) p. 69

[1] Lavin, David and Hyllegard, David Changing the Odds, Open Admissions and the Life Chances of the Disadvantaged (Yale University Press, 1996, New Haven CT) p. 16

[1] Womens City Club of New York p. 35

[1] Students Unite to Save CUNY Hunter Envoy, Feb 4, 1972 p. 1

[1] CUNY and SUNY Unite to Save Public Colleges Hunter Envoy, March 3, 1972 p. 1

[1] Students Process to Protest Budget Cuts Hunter Envoy, April 14, 1972 p. 2

[1] Hunter Gets Off Its Ass Hunter Envoy, April 21, 1972 p. 1

[1] Senators Unite Against the War Hunter Envoy, April 28, 1972 p. 3

[1] Students and Admin. Clash Over Congas and Conga Players Get Permission But Dont Show Up Hunter Envoy, February 25, 1972 p. 1 and  March 3, 1972 p. 1

[1] PR Students and Faculty Hold BJE Chrmn In Office Hunter Envoy, May 12, 1972 p. 1

[1] Puerto Rican Students Charge Administration With Discrimination Hunter Envoy, April 14, p. 1PR Students and Wexler Still at Odds Hunter Envoy, May 5, p. 1 PR Students and Faculty Hold BJE Chrmn In Office Hunter Envoy, May 12 p. 1and P.R. Students Released On A Conditional Discharge Hunter Envoy, Sept. 22 1972 p. 1

[1] advertisement for Draft Counseling on The Student Government Page Hunter Envoy, October 6, 1972 p. 4

[1] Student Mobilization Committee advertisement Hunter Envoy, November 17, 1972 p. 6

[1] Southern University, A Look Back Hunter Envoy, December 8, 1972 p. 1

[1] Do You Have an Extra $650 Each Year Hunter Envoy, March 23, 1973 p. 2

[1] Anti-Tuition Coalition Plans April 26 Rally Observation Post, Fri., April 6, 1973

[1] Takeover at CCNY Hunter Envoy, May 4, 1973 p. 1

[1] PR Department Protests in DC  Hunter Envoy, November 2, 1973 p. 4

[1] Chavez Seeks Support For UFW At Hunter Hunter Envoy, December 7, 1973

[1] CUNY Wide Puerto Rican Student Conference held at Hunter Hunter Envoy, March 29, 1974 p. 5

[1] unpublished internal history of PR studies at Brooklyn College p. 26 Hunter Supports Brooklyns Takeover Hunter Envoy, October 25, 1974 p. 1

[1] Lavin, Alba, Silberstein, p. 291

[1] Marx, Karl The Communist Manifesto (Foreign Languages Press, 1970, Peking) p. 38

[1] Hunter Students Organize Against Budget Cutbacks Hunter Envoy, February 21, 1975 p. 1

[1] Students Protest Cuts Hunter Envoy, May 2, 1975 p. 1

[1] Students March on Gracie Mansion Hunter Envoy, May 9, 1975

[1] Students Storm the Board Hunter Envoy, May 16, 1975 p. 1

[1] Seek Protest Divides Students by Deborah De Sarle, Hunter Envoy, May 16, 1975 p. 3

[1] SEEK Sit In: Residence is Kept Hunter Envoy, September 10, 1975 p. 4

[1] Student Strike Debated Hunter Envoy, September 10, 1975 p. 1

[1] Free Tuition Reaffirmed; Additional Cuts Rejected Hunter Envoy, October 26, 1975 p. 1

[1] Lavin, Alba and Silberstein p. 295

[1] Lavin, Alba and Silberstein p. 296-298

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli, Carlos Hostos Community College and the Puerto Rican Struggle for Equity in

Education in Bulletin of the Centro de Estudios Puertoriquenos (Winter 1987-88, New York City) p. 25

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 26

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 26

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 27

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 27

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 28

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 28

[1] Students Break Down Doors in Albany Rally Hunter Envoy, March 19, 1976 p. 1

[1] Students Break Down Doors in Albany Rally Hunter Envoy, March 19, 1976 p. 1

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 28

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 28

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 29

[1] Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 29

[1] Wexler and CUNY Prexies Approve Tuition  Hunter Envoy, May 24, 1976

[1] McGuire Esq., Ron The Struggle at CUNY, Open Admission and Civil Rights (1992) p, 2

[1] Lavin and Hyllegard. p. 217

[1] Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein p. 305

[1] Hunter Envoy, November 22, 1976

[1] Students Rally Against Ethnic Cuts Hunter Envoy, December 13, 1976 p. 1

[1] Students May Face $100 TAP Cut Hunter Envoy, February 7,1977 p. 1

[1] 14 Arrested at Brooklyn College Demonstration Hunter Envoy, February 7,1977 p. 1

[1] 1000 CUNY and SUNY Students Rally and Lobby in Albany to Fight Cuts Hunter Envoy, March 21, 1977 p. 1

[1] 500 Students Rally at City Hall; Few From Hunter Hunter Envoy, March 28, 1977 p. 1

[1] Cynthia Smith and Slate Sweep Elections Hunter Envoy, May 16, 1977 p. 1

[1] Interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002

[1] Loeb, Paul Rogat Generation at the Crossroads p. 292

[1] CUNY Protests Spread to More Schools New York Times, April 28, 1989 p.B3

[1] Cuomo Weighs Action on CUNY Tuition Rise New York Times, April 29, 1989 p.A31

[1] Tuition Protests Spread to Most CUNY Campuses New York Times, May 2, 1989 p.B5

[1] Loeb,  p. 292

[1] Cuomo Blocks a Rise in SUNY and CUNY Tuition New York Times, May 3, 1989, p.A1

[1] Day After Tuition Veto, CUNY Protest Goes On New York Times, May 4, 1989 p.B10

[1] Students at 10 CUNY Campuses Vote to End Their Tuition Protests New York Times, May 5, 1989 p. B3

[1] W. Ann Reynolds: CUNY Corporate Chancellor The Campus, March 3, 1994

[1] John Jays Chief to Accede to Some Student Demands New York Times, May 16, 1990 p. B3

[1] Protests at CUNY Escalate New York Times, May 22, 1990 p. B3

[1] CUNY Students Defy Order to Evacuate New York Times, May 24, 1990 p. B3

[1] CUNY Acts to Penalize Students Holding Headquarters in Protest New York Times, May 25, 1990 p..  B1

[1] Students End Occupation of CUNY Building New York Times, May 2, 1990 p. B1

[1] Loeb, p. 292

[1] Loeb p. 286-87

[1] Loeb, p. 291

[1] CUNY Adversaries Look to Albany New York Times, April 16, 1991 p. B3

[1] Loeb, p. 287

[1] CUNY Students Face Court; Tuition Protest Hits SUNY New York Times, April 17, 1991 p. B2

[1] Loeb, 313-14

[1] Loeb, p. 308

[1] Loeb, 315

[1] Protest Group Is Confronted At a College New York Times, April 26, 1991 p. B1

[1] Loeb, 317

[1] Loeb, 320

[1] Loeb, p. 322

[1] Loeb, p. 322

[1] Peter Carlo et. al. v. W. Ann Reynolds et. al., Verified Complaint, United States District Court, Southern District of New York, 1992

[1] interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002

[1] Ford, Erika v. Reynolds, W. Ann, Verified Complaint, United States District Court, Eastern District of New York, 1996 pp. 10-14

[1] Ford v. Reynolds, pp. 14-16

[1] CUNY Love, CUNY Rage Spheric Vol. X #1 (Fall 1995, Hunter College) p. 17

[1] Ford v. Reynolds, pp. 18-40

[1] Day, Christopher (aka Christopher Gunderson) A Brief History of SLAM (SLAM, 2001, New York) pp. 3-4

Credits: CCNY archives, the department of security office, Hunter college archives and  a especial thank you to Mr. Christopher day for his help and support in this particular project. All the credit here again belong to Christopher day.CCNY Slam, Hunter Slam,Students for educational Rights.Hunter Slam. and all of those that came to me with an idea.thank you  very much all!!!