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THE HISTORY OF THE CITY COLLEGE OF NEW YORK: 1969-1999
introduction | 1969 Open Admission Strike | 1970 struggles | 1980 | 1990 Here we go again, and again!!! | NEWSPAPER ARTICLES | Bibliography

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Bibliography

The best of these are Right versus Privilege, The Open-Admissions Experiment at the City University of New York (The Free Press, 1981, New York) by David Lavin, Richard D. Alba, and Richard Silberstein and Changing the Odds, Open Admissions and the Life Chances of the Disadvantaged (Yale University Press, 1996, New Haven CT) by David Lavin and David Hyllegard; Also useful are Open Admissions at City University of New York: An Analysis of the First Year (Prentice-Hall, 1975, Englewood Cliffs NJ) by Jack Rossman, Helen Astin, Alexander Astin and Elaine El-Khawas and, The Privileged Many: A Study of the City Universitys Open Admissions Policy, 1970-1975 (New York, 1975) by the Womens City Club of New York. James Traubs City on a Hill, Testing the American Dream at City College (Addison-Wesley, 1994, New York) received considerable attention when it was published because it provided ammunition for opponents of Open Admissions. It doesnt so much attempt to refute the rigorous scholarship of Lavin et. al. as much as it provides a wealth of anecdotal support for popular prejudices. Womens City Club of New York, The Privileged Many: A Study of the City Universitys Open Admissions Policy, 1970-1975 (New York, 1975) p. 14 NYC Board of Higher Education, A Long Range Plan for the City University of new York 1961-1975 (New York, 1962) pp. 33-36 Rossman, Astin, Astin and El-Khawas, Open Admissions at City University of New York: An Analysis of the First Year (Prentice-Hall, 1975, Englewood Cliffs NJ) p. 9 Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America (Harper & Row, 1973, New York) p. 120 Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein Right versus Privilege, The Open-Admissions Experiment at the City University of New York (The Free Press, 1981, New York) pp. 2-4 Womens City Club, p. 14 Sale Kirkpatrick SDS (Random House, 1973, New York) p. 29 Sale, p. 119, 122, 161 Sale, p. 193 Sale, p. 246 Sale, p. 256 Dean Suspends 34 for Role at Sit-In The Campus, p. 1 Thurs, December 15, 1966 46 Students Suspended for 2 to 5 Weeks The Campus, Tues. January 23, 1968 p. 1 Teacher Quits Over Dow Discipline The Observation Post, January 4, 1968 p. 1 Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 123 Draft Foes Here Yield Cards in Brooklyn Church Protest The Campus, Tues., December 5, 1967 p. 1 Black and Puerto Rican Studies Raises Students Consciousness Hunter Envoy, October 5, 1973 p. 1 Elbaum, Max Revolution in the Air, Sixties Radicals Turn to Lenin, Mao and Che (Verso, 2002, New York) Suspend Five Commune Students Observation Post, Fri., Feb 7, 1969 p. 1 13 Sentenced in Sanctuary Trials Observation Post, March 7, 1969 p. 5 Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 25n Five Students Face Year Sentence For Invading Office of Dean Peace The Campus, January 27, 1970 Ballard p. 120 Ballard p. 121 Ballard p. 122 Ballard p. 123 Ballard p. 123 Ballard p. 124 End Racism at CCNY W.E.B. Du Bois Club of City College, ad in The Campus, Thurs., November 14, 1968 p. 8 Cuts in State Budget Threaten Cutback Of SEEK Program and Fall Admissions The Campus, Thurs., February 6, 1969 p. 1 Dyer, Conrad M. Protest and the Politics of Admission: The Impact of the Black and Puerto Rican Student Community (of City College). Ph.D. dissertation (CUNY, 1990). The Dyer dissertation contains an in depth analysis of the social dynamics within the Black and Puerto Rican student bodies as well as the most complete account of the Open Admissions strike. Third World Studies Head Warns Against Funds Cut The Campus, Wed., March 12, 1969, p. 1 and Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 124 Lavin, Alba and Silberstein (1981) p. 10 Brown, Dellinger Speak at SNCC Great Hall Forum The Campus, Wed., March 12, 1969 p. 1 The Budget Cuts: Students Working as Charges Fly The Campus, March 12, 1969 p. 1 Text of Gallaghers Letter to BHE The Campus, Tues, April 2, 1969 p. 5 11 Days in April and May The Campus, Tues., May 6, 1969 p. 2 CCNY President Orders That the Closing be Continued New York Times April 25, 1969 p. 2 11 Days in April and May The Campus, Tues., May 6, 1969 p. 2 25-Student Sit-In Begun at Bayside New York Times April 22 and CCNY President Orders That the Closing be Continued New York Times April 25, 1969 p. 2 Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 12 11 Days in April and May The Campus, Tues., May 6, 1969 p. 2 CCNY Rebels Reject plea to End Holdout New York Post, May 5, 1969 p. 3 11 Days in April and May The Campus, Tues, May 6, 1969 p. 2 Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 12 Ballard p. 124 CCNY Building Damaged By Fire; New Fights Erupt New York Times, May 9, 1969 Ballard, Allen B., p. 126 Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 13 Ballard, Allen B., The Education of Black Folk, The Afro-American Struggle for Knowledge in White America p. 124-5 Ballard, p. 125-126 Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein (1981) p. 18 Poll: Students Oppose Open Admissions The Campus, Wed. Nov. 19, 1969 interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002 interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002 Churchill, Ward and Vander Wall, Jim Agents of Repression, the FBIs Secret Wars Against the Black Panther Party and the American Indian Movement (South End Press, 1990, Boston). This book documents in disturbing detail the systematic disruption of two major radical organizations in the late 1960s and early 70s. interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002 Police Seize Five Students After Flag-Raising Incident The Campus, Wed. Nov 19, 1969 p. 1 unpublished internal history of PR studies at Brooklyn College p. 4 Traub, James, City on a Hill, Testing the American Dream at City College (Addison-Wesley, 1994, New York) p. 69 Lavin, David and Hyllegard, David Changing the Odds, Open Admissions and the Life Chances of the Disadvantaged (Yale University Press, 1996, New Haven CT) p. 16 Womens City Club of New York p. 35 Students Unite to Save CUNY Hunter Envoy, Feb 4, 1972 p. 1 CUNY and SUNY Unite to Save Public Colleges Hunter Envoy, March 3, 1972 p. 1 Students Process to Protest Budget Cuts Hunter Envoy, April 14, 1972 p. 2 Hunter Gets Off Its Ass Hunter Envoy, April 21, 1972 p. 1 Senators Unite Against the War Hunter Envoy, April 28, 1972 p. 3 Students and Admin. Clash Over Congas and Conga Players Get Permission But Dont Show Up Hunter Envoy, February 25, 1972 p. 1 and March 3, 1972 p. 1 PR Students and Faculty Hold BJE Chrmn In Office Hunter Envoy, May 12, 1972 p. 1 Puerto Rican Students Charge Administration With Discrimination Hunter Envoy, April 14, p. 1PR Students and Wexler Still at Odds Hunter Envoy, May 5, p. 1 PR Students and Faculty Hold BJE Chrmn In Office Hunter Envoy, May 12 p. 1and P.R. Students Released On A Conditional Discharge Hunter Envoy, Sept. 22 1972 p. 1 advertisement for Draft Counseling on The Student Government Page Hunter Envoy, October 6, 1972 p. 4 Student Mobilization Committee advertisement Hunter Envoy, November 17, 1972 p. 6 Southern University, A Look Back Hunter Envoy, December 8, 1972 p. 1 Do You Have an Extra $650 Each Year Hunter Envoy, March 23, 1973 p. 2 Anti-Tuition Coalition Plans April 26 Rally Observation Post, Fri., April 6, 1973 Takeover at CCNY Hunter Envoy, May 4, 1973 p. 1 PR Department Protests in DC Hunter Envoy, November 2, 1973 p. 4 Chavez Seeks Support For UFW At Hunter Hunter Envoy, December 7, 1973 CUNY Wide Puerto Rican Student Conference held at Hunter Hunter Envoy, March 29, 1974 p. 5 Hunter Supports Brooklyns Takeover Hunter Envoy, October 25, 1974 p. 1 Lavin, Alba, Silberstein, p. 291 Marx, Karl The Communist Manifesto (Foreign Languages Press, 1970, Peking) p. 38 Hunter Students Organize Against Budget Cutbacks Hunter Envoy, February 21, 1975 p. 1 Students Protest Cuts Hunter Envoy, May 2, 1975 p. 1 Students March on Gracie Mansion Hunter Envoy, May 9, 1975 Students Storm the Board Hunter Envoy, May 16, 1975 p. 1 Seek Protest Divides Students by Deborah De Sarle, Hunter Envoy, May 16, 1975 p. 3 SEEK Sit In: Residence is Kept Hunter Envoy, September 10, 1975 p. 4 Student Strike Debated Hunter Envoy, September 10, 1975 p. 1 Free Tuition Reaffirmed; Additional Cuts Rejected Hunter Envoy, October 26, 1975 p. 1 Lavin, Alba and Silberstein p. 295 Lavin, Alba and Silberstein p. 296-298 Rodriguez-Fraticelli, Carlos Hostos Community College and the Puerto Rican Struggle for Equity in Education in Bulletin of the Centro de Estudios Puertoriquenos (Winter 1987-88, New York City) p. 25 Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 26 Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 26 Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 27 Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 27 Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 28 Students Break Down Doors in Albany Rally Hunter Envoy, March 19, 1976 p. 1 Students Break Down Doors in Albany Rally Hunter Envoy, March 19, 1976 p. 1 Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 28 Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 28 Rodriguez-Fraticelli p. 29 Wexler and CUNY Prexies Approve Tuition Hunter Envoy, May 24, 1976 McGuire Esq., Ron The Struggle at CUNY, Open Admission and Civil Rights (1992) p, 2 Lavin and Hyllegard. p. 217 Lavin, Alba, and Silberstein p. 305 Students Rally Against Ethnic Cuts Hunter Envoy, December 13, 1976 p. 1 Students May Face $100 TAP Cut Hunter Envoy, February 7,1977 p. 1 14 Arrested at Brooklyn College Demonstration Hunter Envoy, February 7,1977 p. 1 1000 CUNY and SUNY Students Rally and Lobby in Albany to Fight Cuts Hunter Envoy, March 21, 1977 p. 1 500 Students Rally at City Hall; Few From Hunter Hunter Envoy, March 28, 1977 p. 1 Cynthia Smith and Slate Sweep Elections Hunter Envoy, May 16, 1977 p. 1 Interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002 Loeb, Paul Rogat Generation at the Crossroads p. 292 CUNY Protests Spread to More Schools New York Times, April 28, 1989 p.B3 Cuomo Weighs Action on CUNY Tuition Rise New York Times, April 29, 1989 p.A31 Tuition Protests Spread to Most CUNY Campuses New York Times, May 2, 1989 p.B5 Loeb, p. 292 Cuomo Blocks a Rise in SUNY and CUNY Tuition New York Times, May 3, 1989, p.A1 Day After Tuition Veto, CUNY Protest Goes On New York Times, May 4, 1989 p.B10 Students at 10 CUNY Campuses Vote to End Their Tuition Protests New York Times, May 5, 1989 p. B3 W. Ann Reynolds: CUNY Corporate Chancellor The Campus, March 3, 1994 John Jays Chief to Accede to Some Student Demands New York Times, May 16, 1990 p. B3 Protests at CUNY Escalate New York Times, May 22, 1990 p. B3 CUNY Students Defy Order to Evacuate New York Times, May 24, 1990 p. B3 CUNY Acts to Penalize Students Holding Headquarters in Protest New York Times, May 25, 1990 p. B1 Students End Occupation of CUNY Building New York Times, May 2, 1990 p. B1 Loeb, p. 292 Loeb p. 286-87 Loeb, p. 291 CUNY Adversaries Look to Albany New York Times, April 16, 1991 p. B3 Loeb, p. 287 CUNY Students Face Court; Tuition Protest Hits SUNY New York Times, April 17, 1991 p. B2 Loeb, 313-14 Loeb, p. 308 Loeb, 315 Protest Group Is Confronted At a College New York Times, April 26, 1991 p. B1 Loeb, 317 Loeb, 320 Loeb, p. 322 Loeb, p. 322 Peter Carlo et. al. v. W. Ann Reynolds et. al., Verified Complaint, United States District Court, Southern District of New York, 1992 interview with Ron McGuire, July 13, 2002 Ford, Erika v. Reynolds, W. Ann, Verified Complaint, United States District Court, Eastern District of New York, 1996 pp. 10-14 Ford v. Reynolds, pp. 14-16 CUNY Love, CUNY Rage Spheric Vol. X #1 (Fall 1995, Hunter College) p. 17 Ford v. Reynolds, pp. 18-40 Day, Christopher (aka Christopher Gunderson) A Brief History of SLAM (SLAM, 2001, New York) pp. 3-4